Red Wine and Types of Red Wines

Red wines are produced from black, red or blue grapes. Red wine does not get its color from the juice. Red wine gets its color when the juice of the grapes is allowed to have contact with the grapes skin for a long time. Red wine does not get its color by simply soaking the skin; it also has a substance known as tannin. Tannin gives the red wines the density that is ahead of the other white wines. The mouth drying quality of tannin makes you feel the firmness of wine in your mouth. The firmness will be strong if the wine is young.

The qualities of wine will become soft and mix harmoniously with the other factor of the wine as the time passes. This act as the main reason for the red wines to age better than whites. The grapes are fermented as a whole along with the skin and seeds. Red wines can be light or sweet, soft or refreshing.

Since red wine has more complex flavor it has to be served at a warmer temperature. (For more info visit Wine Serving Temperature)

Popular grapes used to make red wines:

  • Barbera
  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Merlot
  • Sp√§tburgunder (Pinot Noir)
  • Syrah/Shiraz
  • Zinfandel

Grapes used to make red wine

  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Gamay
  • Grenache
  • Merlot
  • Pinot Noir
  • Sangiovese
  • Syrah/Shiraz
  • Tempranillo
  • Zinfandel
Barbera

This wine is similar to merlot but it is not well known. Nevertheless its cultivated area in Italy is on rank 3 behind the Sangiovese and Montepulciano. This wine can be paired with any type of dishes that are prepared from tomato sauce. They have a taste similar to blackberry and plum fruit, with a glossy texture.

Cabernet Sauvignon

It is considered as one of the world's best wine. It is often mixed with cabernet franc and merlot. It has a full bodied flavor and can be served along with red meat dishes. Typical for Cabernet Sauvignon are its black current aroma, sometimes in combination with some cedar wood notes. Furthermore the dark color in combination with a concentrated fruit flavor and its supporting matrix of tannins and acids are typical for this great red wine.

Merlot

A good introduction to red wine and an easy to drink wine are the merlot wines. Its fruity and full-bodied taste makes the Merlot very popular. Already after a view years of aging it is ready to enjoy. This wine can be served along with any type of food.

Pinot Noir

Grapes used to prepare this wine are difficult to grow and it is rarely mixed with other varieties. Chicken, lamb and salmon can be served along with this wine. Pinot noir wines have a fragile taste with a fine balance of acids, sweetness and tannins, which give this, wine its distinctive character. Flavors like raspberry, blackberry, violet, cherry, plum and different spices as well as notes of smoke, earth, oak and cedar wood make the pinot noir a culinary event.

Syrah or Shiraz

The Shiraz wine is characterized by its full-bodied taste of tannins, sweetness and acids. Its fruity flavors remind of blackberries, plums and black cherries. But also other dark flavors like herbs, chocolate, coffee, tobacco, leather and smoke can be included. The Shiraz mostly has slightly higher alcohol content and is aged in wooded barrels. It matches well with beef, steak, and game as well as with stews prepared with more sweetish vegetables like carrots, onions and garlic.

Zinfandel

Wines prepared from this grape have heavy red color. The wine can be served along with dishes containing tomato sauce, pizza or meat depending on its heaviness. The Zinfandel is characterized by an aroma reminding of spices like cinnamon, cloves, black pepper and dark fruits of the forest.

To see a list of red wines move to the page Red wine list

Red Wine Flavor Descriptions

  • Cherry
  • Plum
  • Strawberry
  • Blackberry
  • Raspberry
  • Currant
  • Gooseberry
  • Boysenberry
  • Raisin
  • Fig
  • Pepper (white/black)
  • Clove
  • Cinnamon
  • Coffee
  • Cocoa
  • Mocha
  • Tobacco
  • Leather
  • Licorice
  • Toast
  • Smoke
  • Violet