Types of Wine

Wines can be classified primarily by the grape variety used to make the wine and the region where the grapes are grown. Wines classified on the basis of grape variety are called varietals and those classified on the basis of region are named by the region itself.

There are different types of wines and wine styles. Basically wines can be classified into two general categories. They are white wines which are colorless and red wines which have the color intensity based on the soaking time. This is the information that most of us know.

But wines can be classified by their taste also. The sweetness of the wine helps us to judge the wine by its taste. Classification of the wine according to the taste is as follows:

  • Dry wines
  • Medium Wines
  • Sweet wines

Apart from the classification of wine by taste the general types of wines are as follows.

Red wines

Red wines are color wines. Red wines are made from the red grape varieties. These wines get their color by allowing the skin of the grapes to get contact with the grape juice during the wine making process. Red wines are available in different varieties and taste. The most popular red wines are:

  • Cabernet Sauvignon
  • Merlot
  • Pinot Noir
  • Zinfandel
White wines

White wines are generally colorless and they are made from the white grape varieties. Some of the white wines can be made from the red grapes. In such a case the skin of the grapes is not allowed to have any contact with the grape juice. The white wines generally range from dry to sweet wines. The most popular white wines are:

  • Chardonnay
  • Riesling
  • Sauvignon Blanc
  • Gewurztraminer
Rose wines

Rose wines are also called as Blush wines. Rose wines are not true not truly red, instead they have enough of reddish tinge to make them differentiate from the white wines. Rose wines are prepared from the red grape varieties. The most popular rose wine variety is:

  • Zinfandel
Sparkling Wines

Sparkling wines have a small amount of intense effervescences. Champagne is the most famous sparkling wine in many regions in the world. The famous sparkling wines are:

  • Rose Champagne
  • Prosecco
  • Sparkling Red Wine
Sweet Wine or Dessert Wines

Dessert wines are prepared from the residual sugar that is left in the finished wine. This gives the wine a very sweet taste. Dessert wines vary from off-dry to super, sticky sweet wines. The dessert wines are considered to be the sweetest wines. The famous dessert wines are:

  • Sweet white wines that include (Botrytis (Noble Rot), Ice Wine (Eiswein), Late Harvest Wine)
  • Sweet red wines that include (Late Harvest Wines and Fortified Wines)
Fortified Wines

Fortified wines are those that are produced with a small addition of the grape spirit. Fortified wines generally include the dry and sweet styles. The famous fortified wines are:

  • Port wine
  • Madeira
  • Sherry
Wines without named origin (also former called Table Wines)

Tables wines are also called as "Dry Wines." This is the wine that is mostly produced in most the regions in the world. The famous table wines are:

  • Dry white wine
  • Rose wine
  • Dry red wine